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Research Ethics Committee »
Presentation

  • General information
    • President
      Prof. Dr. Ronildo Alves dos Santos
    • Vice-President
      Profa. Dra. Rosane Pilot Pessa
    • Secretary
      Carla Aparecida Arantes
    • Telephone
      (16) 3315 9197
    • E-mail
      cep@eerp.usp.br
    • Horário de atendimento
      De 2ª à 6ª feira, em dias úteis, das 10 às 12 e das 14 às 16h
On May 24th 1999, the University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto, College of Nursing (EERP-USP), WHO Collaborating Centre, had its Research Ethics Committee recognized by CONEP – National Research Ethics Committee/National Council of Health, Ministry of Health.

Concerned to follow the advancement in the bioethics field and because this is an institution highly focused on research in the health field and was created in light of the principles of the human sciences, it initially sought to become involved with these issues through the inclusion of the Ethics Committee of the Hospital das Clinicas, University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto, Medical School. Such an involvement has contributed to enriching the learning of its representatives in issues guiding ethical principles.

Given its vocation for research and the role it plays in society, being a member of an Ethics Research Committee would not suffice; instead, the decision was to gather a Committee and share with the hospital and remaining health institutions the task of ensuring the integrity and rights of subjects involved in research, revising and monitoring projects and studies involving human beings and encouraging reflection encompassing ethics in science. With such a view, the process of discussions around the formation of an Ethics Committee at the EERP-USP was initiated in 1997, which culminated in the designation of an Advisory Committee to conduct such a study.  Given the feasibility of establishing a local Ethics Research Committee, mainly due to the demand for studies and projects with non-institutionalized subjects and users in care groups and research conducted within the Unit, the creation of the Ethics Research Committee at EERP-USP was approved by the College’s Council on March 5th 1998.
   
Adopting a respect for plurality and a multi-disciplinary approach recommended by Resolution nº 196, October 10th 1996, the National Council of Health, it sought a non-corporative team including members of distinct specialties, involving the fields of health, exact, social and human sciences, in addition to the participation of representatives of the users of the institution. Hence, it is composed of nurses, physicians, psychologist, statisticians, pedagogues, philosophers, journalists, lawyers, pharmacists, X ray technicians, and graduates in Letters and Accounting, totaling 14 permanent members and their respective deputies.

The duly constituted Ethics Research Committee at EERP-USP initiated its activities on November 13th 1998 accelerating the learning process around the observation of principles established by Resolution 196/96, National Council of Health, in the analysis of research protocols presented to it. It seeks support for the development of studies in four key pillars – autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and justice, ensuring the study’s social relevance, advantages for the subjects of experimentation, and also that risks and harm are null or avoidable when foreseen. Ethics also imply respect for the autonomy of individuals to decide whether to participate in studies or not, especially those considered vulnerable (children, adolescents, and individuals with a mental disorder) and those under specific conditions or subject to someone’s authority (students, soldiers, prison inmates, inmates of rehabilitation centers, hospices, religious associations). It is the role of the Ethics Research Committee to evaluate the content of free and informed consent forms developed by researchers to ensure the subjects and their legal guardians are able to manifest themselves in a conscious manner.

It is important to highlight that respect for human dignity includes reporting to society, in general, the results obtained and, in this context, the Committee has the important role of monitoring all the studies authorized by it until their finalization and publication. We expect that the scientific community will see the Ethics Research Committee not as a bureaucratic obstacle but as a collaborating entity in the development of ethical competence and a broader view of human values.
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